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In this month’s recap: A powerful late-month rally helped recoup losses from earlier in the month.

Presented by Kelley Slaught of California Wealth Advisors, July 2022

U.S. Markets

Stock prices were lower in June as recession talk prompted investors to manage risk in their portfolios.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 6.71%, while the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index fell 8.39%. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite dropped 8.71%.1

Focus on Inflation

Markets grappled this month with an uncertain economic outlook. After a descent in the first half of June, markets were further rattled by the May inflation report which showed an 8.6% increase, year-over-year, in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). A 34.6% increase in energy prices and a 10.1% rise in food prices made this the highest rate of increase since December 1981.2

The unwelcome CPI number raised concerns that the Fed would need to become more aggressive with its rate hikes, making the prospect of a recession more likely.

Fed Raises Rates

Stocks briefly rallied after the Fed announced a hike in short-term interest rates of 75 basis points. All Fed members said they expected rates to rise to at least 3% by year-end, with half anticipating that rates may rise to 3.375%.3

Powell’s Commitment

On June 22, Fed Chair Powell told Congress that the Fed was committed to combating inflation. Stocks surged in the third week of the month on the premise that an economic slowdown may allow the Fed to be less aggressive with future rate hikes. But the enthusiasm faded in the final days of trading as choppy price action led to declines to close out the month.

Sector Scorecard

All industry sectors were lower in June, with declines in Communications Services (-9.82%), Consumer Discretionary (-11.04%), Consumer Staples (-3.08%), Energy (-17.91%), Financials (-11.14%), Health Care (-3.02%), Industrials (-7.77%), Materials (-14.41%), Real Estate (-7.64%), Technology (-9.48%) and Utilities (-5.65%).4

What Investors May Be Talking About in July

Earnings season begins in early July, providing investors with key insights into the health of American consumers. Companies will also communicate how they are navigating an increasingly challenging economic landscape.

Since the start of 2022, stocks have become less expensive on the basis of their price/earnings (P/E) ratios. When the stock market hit an all-time high on January 3, 2022, the forward P/E ratio for the S&P 500 index was 21.4. The 25-year average P/E sits at 16.5, for the period that ended May 12, 2022. At the end of June 2022, the average forward P/E was 15.9.5,6

Each quarter, the degree to which the stock market responds to corporate earnings varies. But as investors grapple with a cloudy outlook, company reports over the next four to six weeks may serve as an important barometer for measuring the nation’s economic health and evaluating stock prices.


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World Markets

Slowing economic activity and rising inflation dragged overseas markets lower, with the MSCI-EAFE Index sliding 8.07% last month.7

Major European markets were under pressure this month, as they faced increasing economic and geopolitical headwinds. Italy fell to -12.86%, while Germany dropped to -10.95%. Meanwhile, France dipped to -8.31%, as Spain decreased to -7.63 and the U.K. to -5.77%.8

Pacific Rim markets were lower with the exception of Hong Kong, which rose 2.08 as China emerged from its COVID lockdown. Korea fell -14.17%, Australia -9.31% and Japan -4.93%.9


Gross Domestic Product: The final estimate of first quarter GDP growth was revised lower to -1.6%.10

Employment: Employers added 390,000 new jobs in May, which represented a slower pace than previous months despite a healthier number than expected. The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 3.6%, while wage growth moderated from 5.5% in April to 5.2% in May.11

Retail Sales: Retail sales fell 0.3% in May, perhaps reflecting the squeeze from higher costs and interest rates. Excluding gasoline sales, retail sales fell 0.7%.12

Industrial Production: Output at the nation’s factories, mines, and utilities rose 0.2%, the fifth consecutive monthly increase.13

Housing: Housing starts fell to their lowest level in over a year, declining 14.4% in May. Single-family homes dropped 9.2%, while multiple family housing sagged 26.8%.14

Sales of existing homes fell 3.4% in comparison to April and were 8.6% lower than a year ago. It was the weakest reading since June 2020.15

New home sales posted their first gain this year, rising 10.7% in May.16

Consumer Price Index: Consumer prices rose 8.6% from May 2021 levels, the highest rate since December 1981. Energy (+34.6%) and food (+10.1%) prices led the year-over-year increase in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). On a month-to-month basis, the CPI rose well above the consensus estimate of 0.7% to a full 1%.17

Durable Goods Orders: New orders for long lasting goods rose 0.7% in May, making it the seventh out of the last eight months that orders have increased.18


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The Fed

The Federal Reserve announced a 0.75% hike in the federal funds rate. It was the biggest rate increase since 1994.19

The announcement was made following the June 14–15 meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). The FOMC also indicated new rate projections, showing that all members expect rates to rise to at least 3.0% by year-end and half the members expecting rates to rise to 3.375%.

The 75-basis-point rate increase was higher than earlier Fed guidance of a 50-basis-point increase and a response to recent inflation data and rising inflationary expectations.19

DJIA -15.31% -6.71%
NASDAQ -29.51% -8.71%
S&P 500 -20.58% -8.39%
BOND YIELD Y-T-D June 2022
10 YR TREASURY 1.46% 2.97%

Sources: Yahoo Finance, June 30, 2022.

The market indexes discussed are unmanaged and generally considered representative of their respective markets. Individuals cannot directly invest in unmanaged indexes. Past performance does not guarantee future results. U.S. Treasury Notes are guaranteed by the federal government as to the timely payment of principal and interest. However, if you sell a Treasury Note prior to maturity, it may be worth more or less than the original price paid.

Kelley Slaught of California Wealth Advisors may be reached at 805.941.0444 or

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  1., June 30, 2022
  2., June 10, 2022
  3., June 15, 2022
  4., June 2022
  5., May 16, 2022
  6., June 30, 2022
  7., June 30, 2022
  8., June 30, 2022
  9., June 30, 2022
  10., June 29, 2022
  11., June 3, 2022
  12., June 15, 2022
  13., June 17, 2022
  14., June 16, 2022
  15., June 21, 2022
  16., June 24, 2022
  17., June 10, 2022
  18., June 27, 2022
  19., June 15, 2022
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